This includes not only touch but taste, sound and hearing, as partners are encouraged to talk to each other, to express emotion and to encourage each other.
The idea that sexuality, including homosexuality, is a social construction is associated more with The History of Sexuality than with any other work.
A sex therapist will usually guide the timing and technique of the sensate focusing.
In the first stage, the couple may touch each other's bodies excluding breasts and genitals.
In Volume 1, Foucault criticizes the "repressive hypothesis", the idea that western society suppressed sexuality from the 17th to the mid-20th century due to the rise of capitalism and bourgeois society.
Foucault argues that discourse on sexuality in fact proliferated during this period, during which experts began to examine sexuality in a scientific manner, encouraging people to confess their sexual feelings and actions.
The second two volumes, The Use of Pleasure (Histoire de la sexualité, II: l'usage des plaisirs) and The Care of the Self (Histoire de la sexualité, III: le souci de soi) dealt with the role of sex in Greek and Roman antiquity.
The latter volume deals considerably with the ancient technological development of the hypomnema which was used to establish a permanent relationship to oneself.
It cannot be published under the restrictions of Foucault's estate.
In Part One, Foucault discusses the "repressive hypothesis", the widespread belief among late 20th-century westerners that sexuality, and the open discussion of sex, was socially repressed during the late 17th, 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries, a by-product of the rise of capitalism and bourgeois society, before the partial liberation of sexuality in modern times.
Further stages include the gradual introduction of genitals and then full intercourse. This is also used as a treatment for impotence in males, and arousal difficulties especially where anxiety is involved.
Because of performance anxiety in men, the obsessional focus on the penis can result in impotence.
and was aimed at increasing personal and interpersonal awareness of self and the other's needs.