Validating a measure of temperament

10-Dec-2016 19:03 by 5 Comments

Validating a measure of temperament

While occupational therapists using a sensory integration frame of reference work on increasing a child's ability to adequately process sensory input, other OTs may focus on environmental accommodations that parents and school staff can use to enhance the child's function at home, school, and in the community.

Symptoms may vary according to the disorder's type and subtype present. While many people can present one or two symptoms, sensory processing disorder has to have a clear functional impact on the person's life.Children with hyper-reactivity may be exposed to peaceful activities including quiet music and gentle rocking in a softly lit room.Treats and rewards may be used to encourage children to tolerate activities they would normally avoid.Sensory integration was defined by occupational therapist Anna Jean Ayres in 1972 as "the neurological process that organizes sensation from one's own body and from the environment and makes it possible to use the body effectively within the environment".Those with SMD present difficulties processing the degree of intensity, duration, frequency, etc., of information and may exhibit behaviors with a fearful or anxious pattern, negative or stubborn behaviors, self-absorbed behaviors that are difficult to engage, or creative or actively seeking sensation.They were administrated on 371 participants, 174 males and 194 females, aged 11-17 years.

The best overlapping with the PEN model is between Rothbart's factors and Extraversion, followed by Emotional Reactivity, Self-regulation and Neuroticism.This correlation can be seen especially in adults who have low neurological thresholds (sensory sensitivity and sensory avoidance).These individuals are more sensitive to tactile, auditory and visual stimuli which often impacts their quality of sleep.Children with hypo-reactivity may be exposed to strong sensations such as stroking with a brush, vibrations or rubbing.Play may involve a range of materials to stimulate the senses such as play dough or finger painting.This is correlated to the perceived absence of social supporters.

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